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Volume(4) / Issue(6)

ICT and its Relevance in Agriculture

Ananda. K. R. et. al.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become increasingly relevant in agriculture. ICT tools and platforms are being used to improve various aspects of agricultural activities, such as crop management, animal husbandry, market information dissemination, and financial transactions. The use of ICT in agriculture has led to increased efficiency, reduced costs, and improved productivity for farmers. It has also enabled improved access to market information, increased transparency in pricing, and streamlined financial transactions for farmers. Furthermore, ICT tools are helping farmers to adapt to the challenges of climate change and to make more sustainable use of natural resources. Overall, the integration of ICT in agriculture is transforming the sector and making it more competitive, profitable, and sustainable.

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A Success Journey of a Sericulture Farmer for Sustainable Life

N. R. Bharath et. al.

A journey of a young farmer of mulberry sericulture who belongs to Karnataka state is detailed. The adoption of latest sericulture technologies in time and active support of DoS Karnataka & CSB resulted sericulture is a life sustenance (both economically & socially) for him.

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Cultivation of Coloured Capsicum under Greenhouse for Boosting Farmers Income

Sudheer Kumar Yadav et. al.

Coloured capsicum is one of the leading vegetables grown in under protected conditions. Quality production of coloured capsicum is now necessary due to its economic importance as a high-value vegetable crop in both domestic and international markets due to increasing consumer preferences and application in diverse culinary goods. This has resulted in the production of capsicum under protected conditions to fulfil the demands of many markets, which has increased the attractiveness of this crop as a business in urban and peri-urban areas. The crop, which was once the domain of only the wealthy and most elite farmers, is now also a thriving and lucrative business for small and marginal farmers. A non-organized sector of this crop is also having issues with marketability. In this article, we have discussed the utilization, cultivation, production, postharvest management of coloured capsicum.

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Minimum Support Price

Vishnu S U and Shakti Ranjan Panigrahy

Minimum support price is a risk mitigation and assured market strategy for the benefit of the farming communities that has many implications, perspectives, and dialogues that was tried to understand through this article. The dilemma over "Minimum" Support Price or Minimum "Support Price" is always come forward in many forums. Still, importance and impact of MSP and the 23 crops included in it is always found the platform of produce disposal on which our cropping pattern, diversification, and food security is set up.

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Empowering Farmers through ICT in Udalguri District, Assam

Pranabesh Barman et. al.

Agriculture plays a significant role in India's economy, but farmers face numerous challenges such as lack of awareness, market uncertainties, unpredictable weather and lack of information. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) in Udalguri district, Assam, India, promotes the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in agriculture to overcome these challenges. The district covers an area of 2012 square kilometers, with a predominantly rural population engaged in crop cultivation. The KVK has developed various ICT tools, including mobile applications, online training programs, a website and SMS advisories to disseminate agricultural information to farmers. These tools have helped farmers increase crop yields, manage pests and diseases, and access market information. The KVK's efforts have proved to be valuable during the COVID-19 pandemic by assisting farmers with the sale of their produce and providing digital literature and advisories through electronic means. The KVK's role in ICT has been a game-changer for farmers, providing them with timely access to scientific information, recent updates, and other resources to enhance their livelihoods.

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Debunking Myths: Unveiling the Facts about Agriculture

Priyanka B N

The paper presents the myths and facts surrounding the agricultural sector. It pointed out the rising global food demand due to population growth and increasing incomes, which presents significant opportunities for farmers and highlighted the employment opportunities in agriculture and the sector's contribution to future food security. It addressed myths about farmers' education and skills, the environmental impact of farming, profitability of small-scale farming, organic farming, and the western dairy products. It can be concluded that agriculture remains an essential and evolving industry, incorporating innovation and sustainability to meet the demands of a changing world.

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Interpretation of Liver Function Tests in Canine and Feline

Laltlankimi et. al.

The liver is unique in that it receives the majority of its blood supply (75%) via the portal venous system, which empties abdominal organs such as the GI tract, spleen, and pancreas. 1,2 This means that illnesses of the pancreas and GI tract can have a secondary effect on the liver. The liver also metabolises and/or excretes a variety of exogenous substances (such as medicines and poisons) that can induce secondary liver damage. The most important enzymes to look for during a liver function test are ALT (alanine transaminase)/SGPT, AST (aspartate transaminase)/SGOT, ALP (alkaline phosphate), ALP (alkaline phosphatase), GGT (gamma-glutamyltransferase), total bilirubin, hypo/hyper proteinemia, albumin-globulin ratio, Triglycerides/cholesterol.

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Icthyofaunal Diversity of Khutaghat Reservoir in Bilaspur District of Chhattisgarh

Amit Singh Kshatri et. al.

The potential of any aquatic system is represented by its biodiversity, which also shows its trophic level. The present study deals with the ichthyo-faunal diversity of Khutaghat Reservoir which is located at 12 km from the city Ratanpur in Bilaspur district of state Chhattisgarh. Altogether, 34 fish species under 13 families and 8 orders were identified from Khutaghat reservoir. Among the families, Cyprinidae contributed to the highest number (16) of species in which genus Labeo having maximum number (4 species), followed by Bagridae (3species), Channidae (3 species), Siluridae (2 species), Notopteridae (2 species) and other remaining families having one species each. The IUCN status of each fish is listed and out of 34 species identified, 27 species are of Least Concern (LC), 3 species are Vulnerable (VU), 3 species belong to Near threatened (NT) category and 1 species has not Evaluated (NE). The study was carried out in year 2022.

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Maximizing Alfalfa Yields in the UAE's Arid Climate: Cultivation Techniques to Harness the Forage Plant's Nutritional Benefits

Engr. Imran Arshad

Alfalfa is recognized for its resistance to climate change, capacity to endure both extremes of temperature, and tolerance for drought. Alfalfa also produces high-quality herbs and is used for hay, grazing, cover crops, and green manure. Additionally, this crop supports soil fertility. Depending on the inputs and chosen variety, it can produce between 8 and 16 tons per acre each year between November and July in seven to eight cuttings. This can last for up to three years. It is a versatile fodder crop that can increase the production of cattle in the United Arab Emirates by offering up to 17%-22% crude protein and 62% of all digestible components. The crop's quality and yield can be improved with the proper cultivation methods, which would ultimately boost the nation's GDP.

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Rural Community Development, Education and Agriculture in Pakistan: Challenges and Initiatives

Engr. Imran Arshad

Several obstacles prevent Pakistan's rural populations from advancing and developing, and they face many of them. They have a number of challenges, including a lack of resources, insufficient infrastructure, and few economic prospects. Although access to high-quality education is hampered in rural Pakistan by a lack of resources, gender-based inequality, and cultural hurdles, education is a key component of raising the quality of life there. Rural communities still place a high value on agriculture, but challenges are being created by modern farming techniques and climate change. In spite of these obstacles, numerous programs have been started to give rural people access to economic opportunities, technical training, and education in an effort to fight poverty and enhance quality of life. These programs provide rural Pakistanis hope for a better future while addressing resource depletion and gender inequities.

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Microbial Consortium as an Important Bioproduct for Sustainable Agriculture

Viabhav Kumar Upadhayay

The practicing of sustainable agricultural needs the use of agriculturally important microorganisms due to their wide arrays of functions. Recent developments in the formulation and application of microbial consortia provide promising advances and raises a hope for better crop production. The use of microbial consortia, actually a community of microorganisms working in synergic way, illustrate various benefits in terms of improving plant growth, soil health, and control of plant disease. This article gives an overview of microbial consortia, strategies for developing effective microbial consortium-based formulation, and highlights their advantages over traditional agrochemicals.

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Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)

Mo Naushad and Nivedita Prasad

Making and sustaining agriculture as a lucrative industry while taking into account global population growth, food security, and the depletion of natural resources is a very difficult task. In addition to preserving the health of the land and ecosystem, one present and future issue is to provide food that is free from pollution and high in nutrients. Ecosystem-based Zero Budget Natural agricultural (ZBNF) advises using mechanized agricultural practices along with organic crop rotation, compost and green manure, organic pest management, etc. Based on the material that is currently accessible, this article analyses the value and applicability of ZBNF. Both its advantages and effects are extensive. A description of the ZBNF system, its applicability, and its viability under the agricultural conditions of India has thus been produced. The four main ZBNF components, such as Jivamrit, Achchhadan, Bijamrit, and Vapasa, among others, are said to be highly economical. As well as their description, talks on natural insecticides, ZNBF's main advantages, and its difficulties have been added.

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