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Volume(3) / Issue(8)

Impact of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

L. C. De

To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014.The Mission Coordinator was given to the Secretary, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) with two Sub-Missions, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban),which aims to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019, as a fitting tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, which in rural areas shall mean improving the levels of cleanliness in rural areas through Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats Open Defecation Free (ODF), clean and sanitized. It is India's biggest ever cleanliness drive and 3 million government employees and school and college students of India participated in this event. The core objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) are to bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation and to accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2ndOctober 2019. A massive community mobilization for Plastic Waste Shramdan and banning of Single Use Plastics was organized under Swachhata Hi Sewa program in 2019 through large scale for cleaning of public and tourist places, markets, statues, hospitals and bus stands.

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Fisheries Conflicts Depending on Problems in Different States

Satyaveer et. al.

Fisheries conflicts are among the persistent problems affecting the security of food, livelihoods and fishing environments crucial to poor fishing communities in developing states in India. Most conflicts arise from excessive fishing efforts due to increasing population and economic motivations. Conflicts are not all undesirable as some disputes become a catalyst for much needed reforms for policy and economic improvements. However, a framework for analyzing conflicts in fisheries is necessary to organize interventions relevant to the nature of conflicts, and the needs and capacities of fisheries stakeholders in the region. Thematic policy recommendations for managing fishing capacity and related conflicts in small-scale fisheries in the region are identified for further consideration by fisheries stakeholders.

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Promoting Value Addition as a Secondary Agriculture Activity: A Case of Pearl Millet

Ritambhara Singh et. al.

As the World focusses itself to celebrate year 2023 as the International Year of Millets, let us set our goals straight to promote their consumption and production. Type A or value addition, as secondary agriculture activity in pearl millet is the key to enhance the shelf life of the commodity and bring 'taste bhi, health bhi' value proposition to the consumer table. Pearl Millet's popularity is more in rural India, while urban India still needs to accept it as a great source of nutrition. There is huge scope and unharnessed potential for millets in general and pearl millet in particular. Innovations through Research and Development to develop new varieties and value-added products will promote their wider acceptance among consumer group of different age and income groups. Alongside, awareness campaigns in different forms will help promoting consumption. Remunerative prices to the farmers and a robust inclusion of Millets in the Public Distribution System could be another way to enhance Millet based Food Systems.

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Application of Biosensors and Nanosensors in Agriculture

J. Mohanraj et. al.

The process of increasing food production has presented agricultural ecosystems with numerous challenges, including the persistence of residual pesticide molecules, heavy metal accretion in the soil, and contamination with toxic elemental particles which have a negative impact on the agricultural environment as well as crop productivity. The accumulation of toxic elements into the human body system through bio-magnification in agricultural products causes a variety of health issues, including nerve and heart disorders, metabolic disorders, infertility, damages of biological functions at the cellular level, and leading to 220,000 annual deaths all over the world. The current practices for monitoring agrochemicals on agricultural ecosystems rely on techniques such as gas chromatography (GC-MS), high performance liquid chromatography (HP-LC) and others, which have a number of limitations, for instance, being expensive, time-consuming with inconvenient protocols and requiring sophisticated equipment and trained personnel. The development of nanotechnology has offered rapid development of bio and nanosensors for the detection of several metal and pesticides components which range from a few minimal nanogram levels onwards. Therefore, the present article focuses on different bio and nanosensors, how they are used to monitoring agricultural ecosystems and highlights the factor affecting the implementation from proof-of-concept to the commercialization stage.

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Apomixis: A Boon for Farmers

Kommineni Jagadeesh et. al.

The seed is the material by which plants are perpetuated from one generation to the next generation which is formed by the process of fertilization which is part of sexual reproduction. During this process crossing over takes place and segregation of characters takes place resulting in a change in the genotype, produced by the parents. This is the factor limiting the farmers from using the hybrids continuously for many generations. Apomixis is the process by which seeds can produce clonally without any genetic deviation. In order to develop apomixis in the crop species, different breeding procedures like crossing with wild relatives, mutation breeding, genetic transformation and recent novel technologies like crispr- cas are being practiced. This approach majorly reduced the burden on the farmers by avoiding repeated buying of hybrid seeds. Till now we are in the midway of the journey, once the destination is reached it can be considered as a boon for farmers.

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Biotechnology: The Future of Medical Sciences

Abhilasha Anand

The future of medicine seems to be boundless, credit to the technological advancements of recent years. In the last few years, the medical biotechnology field has been developing at an exponential rate. New tools and technologies are constantly emerging to improve the quality of life for millions of people around the world. In this article, we will go over the most significant improvements in medical biotechnology in the last few years. We will also highlight some of the pioneers in the medical biotechnology field and explain their roles. The invention of recombinant DNA or genetic engineering has revolutionized biotech research and made it reach every aspect of our life. Biotechnology has proved a blessing for medical science in several ways. Be it in enhancing immunity against diseases, or in providing genetically improved treatment for ailments, biotechnology has become an inseparable part of the medical world. In fact, the development of human insulin, the first genetically engineered drug, has marked the beginning of an extremely successful era of genetic applications in medicine.

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Impact of Time Management on the Academic Progress of Students

K. Shireesha et. al.

Time management is very important to every individual who aspires to become an achiever. Time is limited, irreversible and very essential resource to all. Due to the impact of modern lifestyles student's time consumption is diverted to other activities rather than towards their studies. The students in the formal education are always involved in attending the classes, submitting the assignments and project, writing their internal exams, external examinations and other extracurricular activities. Due to these daily routine and essential works, majority of the students do not concentrate on their goals. If they properly manage their time right from the starting of their first class of that respective academic year then they can achieve their goals successfully. In this particular paper, the time management, its importance, different time management techniques and review about the impact of time management on academic performance of students is presented.

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