Microfluidics is the study and technology of manipulating fluids on a microscale, employing tiny channels and chambers to control the flow of minute liquid or gas amounts. These systems, often referred to as lab-on-chip or micro-total analysis systems, offer benefits such as high throughput, precise control, and efficient resource usage. They enable parallel processing, automation, and integration of tasks, transforming various scientific processes like sample preparation, molecular analysis, and detection. Microfluidics derives from microanalytical methods, molecular biology, biodefense, and microelectronics, revolutionizing research through its advantages in time, cost, resource efficiency, and precise control. This technology holds significant potential in scientific and industrial realms due to its unique characteristics and capabilities.