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Plant Breeding Strategy for Climate Change Greenhouse Gases and Carbon Sequestration

Climate change is wreaking havoc on weather patterns and crop yields. A swift response is needed to lower the rising carbon content in the environment to maintain environmental balance. The foundation for terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration is provided by land plants' photosynthetic uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide. A portion of the carbon (C) stored in plant biomass is sequestered in the soil by the plants' vast root systems.C4 plants are another key breeding strategy for carbon sequestration in hot and dry conditions. Because PEP carboxylase in C4 plants has a stronger affinity for carbon dioxide than Rubisco does compare to C3 plants, which is relevant in changing hot and dry climates.