The Solanaceae family comprises species present on all continents except Antarctica. They are species with different biological cycle durations and adapted to a wide range of environments. Vegetables of the Solanaceae family are not only important for human nutrition, some species are grown for ornamental purposes but also pharmaceutical purposes. Pest species cause significant losses, and many are vectors of disease. Today, many scientists focus on developing new tools to control pest populations, with promising results of use in plant protection. Therefore, the quantitative and qualitative increase in the production of vegetables from the Solanaceae family is not only dependent on environmental factors, an important role is also played by pest prevention and control activities. This is why the objective of this paper was to identify, based on the publications available in the scientific databases of the last ten years, pests from solanaceous vegetable crops from Romania and to list the most important and effective methods of biological control that can be used by producers as more sustainable forms of pest management.