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Soil Health Management for Sustainable Crop Production with Special Emphasis on Oilseeds Cultivation in North Eastern Hill Region

India holds a significant share in world oil seed production. There was an increase in production of Oilseeds from 10.83 to 24.75 million tonnes during the year 1985-86 and 1998-99 leading to the yellow revolution in the country. But to date, there is no self-sufficiency in domestic oil requirements for the growing population. Almost 72 % of the total oilseed area is confined to rainfed farming, cultivated mostly by small and marginal farmers in acid soil. Northeast receives abundant rainfall favoring the weed growth by competing with the crop for water and nutrients. Water logging in oilseed crops induces several physiological disturbances in regard to photosynthesis, growth, and pod formation resulting in lower yield. Soil health management practices including reduced tillage practices, mulching, green manuring, intercropping, proper extension practices, mechanization, rainwater harvesting, and use of quality seeds are some of the options that can be practiced to sustain oil seed productivity in the region.