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A Review on Piggery Industry Strategy Documented on Assam Pig Development Project (2019-2024)

The goal of the "Assam Pig Development Project" is to enhance the income of pig rearing farmers, entrepreneurs, NGO's, cooperative societies, and others in order to achieve the Honourable Prime Minister's goal of doubling farmer's income, which could be accomplished only by importing the superior germplasm with high genetic merit and then crossing it with the low productive indigenous pig breeds to produce crossbred pigs that will perform better and yield higher harvest for the pig farmers. To meet the dietary recommended levels of livestock products for a population of 1.7 billion people, the livestock sector should produce 186.2 million tonnes of milk, 18.7 million tonnes of meat, and 306 billion eggs per year by 2050, as per Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) which means that current production levels of milk, meat, and eggs would have to be increased by 1.5, 3, and 4.7 times, respectively. In order to fulfil such huge demand rather than increasing the number of animals, improving genetics through a breed improvement programme may be a better strategy for meeting the required demand for animal protein.