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Plankton based Shrimp Farming: A Step towards Sustainable Aquaculture

With the global demand for aquaculture products on the rise, the imperative for sustainable practices has become increasingly apparent. This article explores three cutting-edge techniques - Biofloc Technology (BFT), Synbiotics, and Aquamimicry - aimed at enhancing the sustainability of shrimp farming. These innovative strategies center on the utilization of phytoplankton and zooplankton as primary feed sources, addressing nutrient waste issues and replicating natural aquatic conditions. By introducing controlled carbon sources, they efficiently manage waste in shrimp ponds, promoting the growth of algae, zooplankton, and beneficial bacteria. This, in turn, reduces the need for intensive aeration and feed, making these practices not only eco-friendly but also economically viable. In optimizing waste management, water quality, and feed utilization, these approaches offer promising solutions to improve the sustainability of the shrimp farming industry while mitigating environmental impacts.