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Prophylactic Strategies in Mitigating Disease Risks in Indian Carp Farming

Carp farming is the dominant sector of inland aquaculture in India, accounting for over 85% of the total freshwater aquaculture production. Nevertheless, this industry has faced challenges by the disease outbreaks leading to partial crop losses. The traditional method of managing infectious diseases in carp farming involves the use of antibiotics, parasiticides, and other pharmaceuticals, which are known to have long-term harmful effects on both the host and the environment. The old proverb "prevention is better than treatment" holds true, and it is wise to prioritize disease prevention over treatment in carp farming. Implementing improved husbandry practices, imposing movement restrictions, use of immunostimulants and probiotics, administering vaccines, and ensuring water disinfection are all effective strategies for preventing and managing infectious diseases in fish farming. This article aims to highlight some of these prophylactic approaches to reduce disease risks in carp farming.