In the interplay between India's agricultural legacy and the voracious energy needs driving coal mining, a critical juncture has been reached. This study, 'From Mines to Fields: Assessing the Agricultural Fallout of Coal Mining in India,' helps to give insights of the profound impacts of coal mining on agriculture. It reveals that beyond the visible environmental alterations lie intricate challenges?disrupted water resources, soil degradation and shifting agricultural techniques that imperil the sustenance of farmers. In order to study the effect of mining on agriculture, Singareni coal mining region of Bhupalapally district was selected purposively and 40 farmers from mining region and 40 farmers from controlled region was taken with the prestructured interview schedule. This research illuminates not only the immediate consequences of coal mining but also underscores the urgent need for holistic, sustainable approaches to reconcile industrial aspirations with the preservation of India's agrarian heritage.