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Unveiling the Global Challenge of Human- Wildlife Conflict: Impacts and Perspectives

The issue of Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) is rapidly evolving into a critical menace endangering the existence of numerous endangered species across the globe. Given the ongoing trajectory of human population expansion, escalating resource requirements, and the intensifying competition for land access, it becomes evident that the elimination of human-wildlife conflicts is an impractical prospect in the foreseeable future. This conflict arises from the competition for resources, shared habitats, and behaviors of wildlife that impact human safety, livelihoods, and well-being. Such conflicts have global significance, with profound ecological, economic, and societal implications. They have contributed to species endangerment, alterations in ecosystem dynamics, and substantial losses of human lives, agricultural yields, livestock and property. The understanding and management of human-wildlife conflict remain pivotal for species conservation, ecosystem restoration, and addressing the intricate web of interactions within and among human communities.