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Maximizing Alfalfa Yields in the UAE's Arid Climate: Cultivation Techniques to Harness the Forage Plant's Nutritional Benefits

Alfalfa is recognized for its resistance to climate change, capacity to endure both extremes of temperature, and tolerance for drought. Alfalfa also produces high-quality herbs and is used for hay, grazing, cover crops, and green manure. Additionally, this crop supports soil fertility. Depending on the inputs and chosen variety, it can produce between 8 and 16 tons per acre each year between November and July in seven to eight cuttings. This can last for up to three years. It is a versatile fodder crop that can increase the production of cattle in the United Arab Emirates by offering up to 17%-22% crude protein and 62% of all digestible components. The crop's quality and yield can be improved with the proper cultivation methods, which would ultimately boost the nation's GDP.