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Insects in Solid Waste Management

The health and wellbeing of urban populations depend on proper solid waste management. Most developing cities leave many tonnes of trash on the streets each day that attracts pests that spread disease, clogs drains, and causes a variety of other health and infrastructure issues. A total amount of 2.01 billion tonnes of solid waste were generated in the world wide and its is expected reach 70% by 2050. There are several methods available viz., Landfill, Incineration(burning/thermal treatment), Composting and Vermicomposting for elimination of ill effects of waste materials but use of insects is one of the most economically and ecofriendly method that can be used to decompose the waste materials in an effective way. In insects, there are several species are available across the orders but most important orders include Diptera, Coleoptera, Isoptera, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera and Blattodea, etc.