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Training and Pruning in Cucurbitaceous Vegetables: Application and its Impact

The cucurbitaceous crops are traditionally cultivated horizontally on the ground surface in summer and rainy season. The more number of insect-pests and disease incidence occur in summer and rainy season cause reduction in fruit yields as well as deteriorate the fruit quality. By nature of the cucurbitaceous crops is a week climber and needs proper support for its growth, development, pollination and fruiting. Training and pruning is an approach to increase the fruit yield per unit area, improved fruit quality as well as reduces the insect-pest and disease incidence. Training and pruning maintain relationships between vegetative and reproductive growth with the objective of obtaining more no of female flowers and fruiting. The production of quality seeds is problematic during rainy season due to several factors like poor pollination, fruits rots, and rudimentary seed developments. The increase in number of tertiary branches due to pinching favoured the production of higher number of female flowers in the basal nodes due to arrest in apical dominance to check and reduce the auxin level in terminal shoots and divert in to auxillary shoots to increase higher rate of source and sink. Now days, training and pruning method is becoming more relevant in the present scenario, to cope up with the major challenges faced by the farmers.