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Identification & Transfer of Appropriate Technologies for Rural Women in Orissa

In Odisha state, population was 4.70 crores in Census year 2021. Odisha is one of the largest producers of rice in India. About 57 per cent farmers were marginal who owned 22.73 per cent land holdings and 27.38 per cent were small with 30.38 per cent area. Thus, marginal and small categories farmers together were 79.15 per cent those accounted for only 53.11 per cent area. The farm activities were performed by these categories of farm women/ workers. As per census data it is clear that the existence of farm women in agriculture shows an increase. Farm women seem to be spectator in era of high-level mechanization while their existence in Indian agriculture as workforce shows an increase. These workforces need to be equipped with modern farm tools and equipment. The ICAR-CIWA, Bhubaneswar with its mandate of drudgery reduction has been working on women friendly farm tools and equipment since its inception (year 1996). From the study it was revealed that the implementation of transfer of technology programme through trainings has positively motivated the farmwomen to go for advanced agricultural practices for their own benefit.