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Soil Erosion and Preventive Measures

Soil erosion is a process in which the upper layer of soil is carried from one place to another place by the action of wind and water. Due to growing human population and increasing the demand for food grains has generated changes in land use pattern and farming systems which has resulted in erosion. Erosion is one of the major problems and it has many effects on agricultural production. In arid regions the wind plays major role in soil erosion followed by water and human activities. A huge amount of soil is moved by wind from one place to another area and top soil is removed due to this soil become barren and unproductive. The major cause of soil erosion is human activities like cutting of forests, overgrazing, construction of roads, sand mining in rivers, stone mining in hills.